EVERYTHING you need to know about HANGOVER, CAUSES and TREATMENT (VIDEO)
A hangover can leave someone with fatigue, nausea, and muscle aches. People swear by certain hangover cures.
Speaking Medically, a hangover results in “excess amounts of ethanol, which is both a liver and neurotoxin, forcing your body to excrete more water
What is Hangover: Hangover is the experience of different undesirable physiological and mental impacts following the utilization of liquor, for example, wine, brew and refined spirits.
What Causes a Hangover and How Long Will It Last?
Hangovers can keep going for a few hours or for over 24 hours. Run of the mill side effects of an aftereffect may incorporate migraine, sleepiness, focus issues, dry mouth, dazedness, weariness, gastrointestinal misery (e.g., retching, the runs), nonappearance of yearning, light affectability, gloom, perspiring, queasiness, hyper-edginess, touchiness and nervousness.
Chemicals called congeners can also cause more intense hangovers.
Alcohol has a wide range of effects on your body, many of which contribute to hangover symptoms.
Some of these include:
Dehydration: Alcohol is a diuretic, which means it makes you pee more often. As such, it’s easier to become dehydrated both during and after drinking. Dehydration is one of the main causes of headaches, dizziness, and, of course, thirst.
Gastrointestinal effects: Alcohol causes irritation and increases acid production in your digestive system. Depending on how much you drink, alcohol can also speed up or slow down the passage of food matter through your gastrointestinal tract. These effects are associated with nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.
Electrolyte imbalance: Alcohol intake affects your body’s electrolyte levels. Electrolyte imbalances may contribute to headaches, irritability, and weakness.
Immune system effects: Drinking alcohol may impair your immune system. A wide range of hangover symptoms, including nausea, decreased appetite, and inability to concentrate may be related to temporary changes in immune system function caused by alcohol.
Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia): Drinking limits the production of sugar (glucose) in the body. Low blood sugar is associated with fatigue, dizziness, and irritability.
Dilated blood vessels (vasodilation): When you drink, your blood vessels widen. This effect, known as vasodilation, is associated with headaches.
Difficulty sleeping: Although drinking too much can leave you feeling sleepy, it also prevents high-quality sleep, and may cause you to wake up in the night. The next day, you might feel drowsier than usual.
These symptoms vary from person to person and can range in intensity from mild to severe. Sometimes, they’re enough to derail your entire day.
Steps to cure your hangover
Drinking fluids may help with the morning-after misery from getting drunk.Drinking interferes with brain activity during sleep, so a hangover may be a form of sleep deprivation.
Alcohol scrambles the hormones that regulate our biological clocks, which may be why a hangover can feel like jet lag, and vice versa.
Alcohol can also trigger migraines, so some people may think they’re hung over when it’s really an alcohol-induced migraine they’re suffering.
The key ingredient seems to be “drinking to intoxication”; how much you drank to get there is less important. In fact, several studies suggest that light and moderate drinkers are more vulnerable to getting a hangover than heavy drinkers.
1. Go back to bed: Hangover symptoms are often worse due to lack of sleep. If you can, try to sleep in longer or take a nap later on in the day. With an extra couple hours of rest, you might find that your symptoms disappear.
2. Hair of the dog: Drinking to ease the symptoms of a hangover is sometimes called taking the hair of the dog, or hair of the dog that bit you. The notion is that hangovers are a form of alcohol withdrawal, so a drink or two will ease the withdrawal.
There may be something to it, says Dr. Swift. Both alcohol and certain sedatives, such as benzodiazepines like diazepam (Valium), interact with GABA receptors on brain cells, he explains.
And it’s well documented that some people have withdrawal symptoms from short-acting sedatives as they wear off. Perhaps the brain reacts similarly as blood alcohol levels begin to drop.
Even so, Dr. Swift advises against using alcohol as a hangover remedy. “The hair of the dog just perpetuates a cycle,” he says. “It doesn’t allow you to recover.”
3. Drink fluids: Alcohol promotes urination because it inhibits the release of vasopressin, a hormone that decreases the volume of urine made by the kidneys. If your hangover includes diarrhea, sweating, or vomiting, you may be even more dehydrated. Although nausea can make it difficult to get anything down, even just a few sips of water might help your hangover.
4. Get some carbohydrates into your system: Drinking may lower blood sugar levels, so theoretically some of the fatigue and headaches of a hangover may be from a brain working without enough of its main fuel. Moreover, many people forget to eat when they drink, further lowering their blood sugar. Toast and juice is a way to gently nudge levels back to normal.
5. Avoid darker-colored alcoholic beverages: Experiments have shown that clear liquors, such as vodka and gin, tend to cause hangovers less frequently than dark ones, such as whiskey, red wine, and tequila.
The main form of alcohol in alcoholic beverages is ethanol, but the darker liquors contain chemically related compounds (congeners), including methanol.
According to Dr. Swift’s review paper, the same enzymes process ethanol and methanol, but methanol metabolites are especially toxic, so they may cause a worse hangover.
6. Take a pain reliever, but not Tylenol: Aspirin, ibuprofen (Motrin, other brands), and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may help with the headache and the overall achy feelings. NSAIDs, though, may irritate a stomach already irritated by alcohol.
Don’t take acetaminophen (Tylenol). If alcohol is lingering in your system, it may accentuate acetaminophen’s toxic effects on the liver.
7. Drink coffee or tea: Caffeine may not have any special anti-hangover powers, but as a stimulant, it could help with the grogginess. Coffee is a diuretic, though, so it may exacerbate dehydration.
8. Vitamin B6: A study published over 30 years ago found that people had fewer hangover symptoms if they took a total of 1,200 milligrams of vitamin B6 before, during, and just after drinking to get drunk. But it was a small study and doesn’t seem to have been replicated.
9. Eat something: Foods that contain carbs can help stabilize your blood sugar and settle an upset stomach. Start slowly. If you’re feeling nauseous, opt for something plain, like a banana, toast, or crackers.
10. Antioxidants: The alcohol a person drinks causes oxidative stress, leading the body to produce free radicals. Antioxidants may help with this.
Research has linked oxidative stress to many health conditions, including heart disease and cancers. Antioxidants are compounds that help mop up these free radicals.
People may benefit from eating foods high in antioxidants to reduce the negative effects of drinking alcohol.
Good dietary sources of antioxidants include: berries, cherries, grapes, pomegranates, carrots, spinach, ginger, dark chocolate, nuts and seeds, green and black teas.
How to prevent future hangovers
Prevention is the best treatment for a hangover. The next time you plan to drink, try the following:
Eat a carb-rich meal: Having a meal rich in carbs, such as brown rice or pasta, can help you slow down the rate that alcohol is absorbed into your bloodstream. This may prevent hangover symptoms the next day.
Opt for light-colored drinks: Choose drinks that are clear-colored, which tend to be lower in congeners. Lighter drinks are less likely to lead to severe hangovers.
Avoid carbonated drinks: Carbonated or fizzy drinks speed up the rate alcohol is absorbed in your bloodstream, which could contribute to hangover symptoms the next morning.
Avoid cigarettes: Smoking affects your hydration, immune system, and sleep quality, leaving you with a more intense hangover.
Drink enough water: Drink water steadily throughout the night. Try having a glass between each drink, and another glass before you go to bed.
Know your limit: If you know that five or six drinks will result in a hangover, find ways to limit the amount you drink. For example, try alternating between alcohol and non-alcoholic drinks or taking a half-hour break between each drink. Use other activities, such as dancing or socializing, to break up the rounds.
Get enough sleep: If you know you’re going to be up late, make time to sleep in.
FUNNY: Top Ten The Hangover Moments
Hangover Story: The Benefits Of A Hangover
“Alcohol may be man’s worst enemy, but the bible says love your enemy.”
One of the more amusing post British Open interviews was with golfer Eddie Pepperell, who finished tied 6th at the end of the competition.
Pepperell had had a disappointing 3rd round on the Saturday and believed himself to be out of the running, as he was entering the final day outside the top 30.
So he over-indulged on the Saturday night.
As a result he had a hangover on Sunday morning but despite that, proceeded to shoot his best round of the tournament and the best overall round of the day – carding 5 birdies to achieve a 4 under par 67.
And for large parts of the final day he led the overall competition but he eventually finished tied 6th with Tiger Woods.
“I was a little hungover. I won’t lie. I had too much to drink last night,” said Pepperell. “I was so frustrated yesterday that today… I didn’t feel I was in the golf tournament. As it happens, I shot 67. It’s a funny game.”
I think there’s an interesting lesson in this story.
In my experience, the analytical mind causes stress and resistance when it goes unchecked. And for most people that is the usually the case.
When you have a hangover that part of your mind is definitely compromised, and as a result you ‘just play’. No analysis, no worrying and much less stress – just playing.
Not a sustainable strategy for long-terms success probably… but it does raise the question about how we best manage our minds for results.
There is of course high value in analysis, when done at the right times. But doing too much of it could it also be compromising results in your career, organisation and life.
Abstaining or drinking alcohol in moderation is the best way to avoid a hangover. People can reduce the severity of or prevent a hangover by getting enough sleep, staying hydrated through the night, and avoiding drinks with congeners